A health survey released this week shows Australians are living longer than ever before and the average life expectancy at birth has risen from 71.7 years in 2014 to 75.4 years in 2020.
Key points: The average life expectancies of Australian men have increased by seven years to 75 years and women have risen by four years to 77.5 years Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) year-end statistics from 2017, released in April, are based on data from the Australian Centre for Health Information (ACHE) and data from ABS National Mortality Database (NMD).
“While it is difficult to quantify the impact of recent population growth on life expectancy, the results indicate a significant increase in life expectancy from previous decades,” the report states.
The increase in median life expectancy has been driven by a number of factors including increased use of the health system, improvements in health services and health literacy among Australians.
According to the ABS, the median age of Australian males increased by three years to 68.4.
This was largely driven by men having more children than women.
While there was a decrease in the median life expectancy for Australian women from 76.9 years in 2010 to 73.6 years in 2018, this was largely offset by a slight increase in the life expectancy of Australian women.
According the ABS the average number of years of schooling for men and women has increased.
For both genders the average age at first education has increased by two years to 28.3 and 29.9 respectively.
In 2017, the average weekly earnings of Australian male and female workers increased by 6.1 per cent to $10.51 and 6.9 per cent respectively.
For women, the number of hours worked has increased from 38 hours a week to 44 hours a day.
However, for men the number worked increased from 47.4 hours a year to 51.4 and for women from 43.5 hours a month to 47.5.
For men, the annual earnings per week increased from $20.36 to $23.13 while for women, it increased from about $17.70 to $19.90.
The average number and amount of hours that men and Women worked per week decreased from 46.1 hours per week to 45.7 hours per day.
For both genders, the percentage of work hours spent on home care increased from 16.9 to 17.9 percent.
In the year-to-date, Australia’s population has grown from 6.4 million to 7.9 million, and its population growth rate is now 7.4 per cent.
“The trend for men to continue to work longer hours has resulted in a lower level of household labour income and lower incomes for those men who work full-time, the report says.”
While men and families have seen some income gains, they have been unable to maintain or even increase the gains of women in terms of income gains.”AAP/ABC