Elevated squat volume may have increased over time, but the rate of elevation was slower than in earlier eras, according to new research.
The study, conducted by researchers at the University of Florida and the University College London, looked at the rate at which people performed squats, glutes, hip flexors and hamstrings during the last two centuries.
Researchers examined data collected from 7,000 people who answered questions about their height and weight and compared it to other people’s records.
They found that while the rate in the last century was similar to today, the rate has increased since then, from a maximum of 2.8 seconds in 1730 to 4.6 seconds in 2017.
“It’s the rate that we’ve increased since 1700,” said Michael Schoenfeld, a research professor in the department of human genetics and genetics at the university.
“And we’ve seen that in a number of different domains, from walking to the ability to drive.”
The researchers were able to determine the time taken to complete a single exercise.
For example, people who performed one rep at 100 percent of their max were faster than people who completed the exercise at 60 percent.
The researchers found that the rate for glutes was highest at 70 percent and lowest at 40 percent.
In the last decade, it’s been known that the body is working harder in response to stress, but what is not clear is how much is due to the metabolic response to that stress.
“We don’t really know,” said Dr. Schoenfield.
“But the fact that we have this increased metabolic response in response of stress means that we’re working harder than ever.”
The research suggests that we should expect to see more people reaching for the gym in the years ahead.
“This could be a huge boon to people who are trying to get into the gym and trying to improve their fitness,” said the study’s lead author, Dr. John Geddes, a professor in human genetics at UF.
For example in 2017, more than 40 percent of American men were obese and more than 10 percent of women were obese, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The researchers found the rate had increased by a factor of 4,000 since the 1950s.
If the pace of elevation is increased, then there is a possibility that a person could reach a fitness level where they are no longer able to squat at the same intensity, which may lead to a lower rate of advancement.